Globhealth ERC Project
7, rue Guy Moquet
Jean-Paul Gaudillière (Inserm - EHESS - Cermes 3)
Globhealth ERC Project
7, rue Guy Moquet
Jean-Paul Gaudillière (Inserm - EHESS - Cermes 3)
Claire Beaudevin (PhD) is a medical anthropologist. She is a permanent Research Scientist with the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) at the Cermes3 in Paris. Her current research focuses on the anthropology of genomics and medical genetics.
Her main fieldwork is located in the Arabian Peninsula (Sultanate of Oman, United Arab Emirates), where she studies the social stakes of the development of genetics and genomics within research and public health. In France, she also conducts an ethnography of public oncogenomic platforms, together with Catherine Bourgain and Ashveen Peerbaye.
Among her recent publications: "Diversions of Biomedical Technologies in a Globalized World" (edition of and introduction to the special issue, together with Laurent Pordié), Medical Anthropology, 2016, and "Old Diseases and Contemporary Crisis: Inherited Blood Disorders in Oman", Anthropology & Medicine, 2013.
Fanny Chabrol (PhD, Social Sciences, Sociology) is an ERC-funded Postdoctoral Fellow with GLOBHEALTH at the Cermes3 in Paris. Her research interests focus on healthcare practices and policies in Subsaharan Africa, African states, global health governance, hospitals, HIV and the management of coinfections and comorbities (viral hepatitis, tuberculosis). Her doctoral research was focused on the national program for access to antiretrovirals and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Botswana. She has then undertaken a postdoctoral research on the management of viral hepatitis in Cameroon. Building on these previous works she is currently developing a project on Hospital Care in Africa. Within GLOBHEALTH Fanny aims to propose an ethnography of a tuberculosis hospital in northern Tanzania.
Fanny is the author of Prendre soin de sa population. L’exception botswanaise face au sida (Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme/Institut de Recherches pour le Développement, 2014).
Contact : fannychabrol(at)yahoo.fr / fanny.chabrol(at)inserm.fr
Camille Gasnierstrong> holds a PhD (Social Sciences, Sociology) from Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales and is an ERC-funded Postdoctoral Fellow with GLOBHEALTH at the Cermes3 in Paris. Her research interests focus on health management and evaluation. Her doctoral research was focused on ISO standards on occupational risks management and audit schemes. She has undertaken a postdoctoral research on the reconfiguration of the role of the World Bank in the design, implementation and evaluation of health programs since the 1990s. The aim of this project is to better understand the gradual engagement of the World Bank in health, from an historical and a sociological perspective, with a strong interest on the circulaton of knowledge, experts and models of health governance.
Contact : camille.gasnier(at)ehess.fr
Jean-Paul Gaudillière is GLOBHEALTH Principal Investigator. He is Directeur de recherche (Research Professor) at the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (Inserm, Paris) and Director of the Centre de Recherche Médecine, Science,s Santé et Société (Cermes3, Paris). His research interests have first focused on the molecularization of biology during the 20th century and later on the reconfiguration of medical research after World War II. He is the editor of several volumes on these issues and the author of Inventer la biomédecine (La Découverte, 2002). He is currently working on the history of biological drugs before the advent of gene-based biotechnology, with strong interests in the dynamics of knowledge production, clinical work, and market construction. He has recently coordinated special issues on "Drug Trajectories" (Studies in History and Philosophy of the Biological and Biomedical Sciences 2005) and "How pharmaceuticals became patentable?" (History and Technology 2008).
Mandy Geise (MSc in Medical Anthropology and Sociology, University of Amsterdam) is an ERC-funded PhD candidate at the Cermes3 and EHESS in Paris. Situated at the intersections of anthropology and global health, her research interests include public health policies, citizenship and social exclusion, patient activism, global health governance, (bio)technological innovation, and sexual and reproductive health. Her research within the GLOBHEALTH project is concerned with the inscription of genetics as a medical specialty on the international public health agenda. It explores and analyzes how interna-tional organizations, such as the WHO, shape and are shaped by public health strategies on a local scale. Using an ethnographic approach with a historic component that follows the mobility of knowledge and practices tied to medical genetics, Mandy's research illustrates how medical knowledge about genetics and global political configurations manifest themselves in the health set-ting and are practiced, felt, and contested in Mexico.
Christoph Gradmann's research mainly focuses on the history of infectious disease in modernity (19th ct to present). His point of departure was the cultural history and the history of science of late 19th ct German medical bacteriology. In this context he wrote a biography of the German physician Robert Koch (1843-1910). Recently he has broadened his focus and now investigates what had happened to infectious disease when they seemed to be returning at the end of the 20th century. Keywords are antibiotic resistance, nosocomial infections, emerging infections etc. Christoph Gradmann is interested in the history of the standardisation of biological medicines from about 1850. This research started with studies on the history of tuberculin and has been expanded in scope to address the question if a specific entanglement of technology and biology is specific for the history of modernity.
Claudia Lang, (Ph.D, PD, Social and Cultural Anthropology) is an ERC-funded postdoctoral fellow with GLOBHEALTH at the Cermes3 in Paris. Her current research focusses on the history and practice of integrating Ayurveda into primary health care in India. In a previous project, she examined the expansion of Kerala's comprehensive system of health governance and care, to target inner feelings, emotional suffering and existential despair. In another project, she showed how Ayurvedic practitioners incorporate the modern problem of depression and (re)invent Ayurvedic psychiatry. Her work is located in India and she publishes in the field of mental health, traditional medicine, religion and ritual, subjectivities, gender identities and intersexuality.
Anne M. Lovell, a medical anthropologist, is Senior Research Fellow Emeritus at the French national health institute (Inserm) - University of Paris Descartes, Cermes3 and member of the EHESS doctoral school. She received her PhD from Columbia University (NY), where she held a Fellowship in the NIMH Psychiatry Epidemiology Training Program. Her research interests focus on the anthropology of psychiatry; addiction pharmaceuticals and globalization; madness, disaster and time. Field sites include France, Italy, the U.S., and Senegal. She has collaborated with France's center for disease control (InVS), WHO, the public health department of Marseille and numerous other organizations. Most recently she co-authored Face aux désastres. Une conversation à quatre voix sur la folie, le care et les grandes détresses collectives (Ithaques 2013) and has edited a supplement of the International Journal of Epidemiology on the history of psychiatric epidemiology (2014).
Andrew McDowell (PhD, Anthropology) is an ERC-funded Postdoctoral Fellow with GLOBHEALTH at CERMES3 in Paris. His research focuses on tuberculosis and tuberculosis control initiatives in India to trace the use by and effects of global health on social science’s analytic concepts. Engaging ethnographic interlocutors including TB sufferers in rural Rajasthan, private sector clinicians in Mumbai’s low-income neighborhoods, and Indian TB experts and technocrats, his work aims to develop a multi-scalar analysis of the effects of global health on those it intervenes upon. His work centers on a simple question: what does it mean to live as an object of global health. As part of GlobHealth he pursues an anthropological history of the National TB Program and its process of revision to develop India’s Revised National TB Control Program. This inquiry explores the changing forms of knowledge on which a public health program might be based in a time of global health. It focuses on processes of developing an intervention through sociological and operational research as well as expert knowledge that shift through time and scales of data to understand the salient loci of global health claims making at the turn of the 21st century.
Caroline Meier zu Biesen (PhD, Social and Cultural Anthropology) is an ERC-funded Postdoctoral Fellow with GLOBHEALTH at the Cermes3 in Paris, and an associate member of the Cluster Medical Anthropology at the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Freie Universität Berlin. Her research interests focus on critical medical anthropology, global health governance, social inequality and medicine, anthropology of pharmaceuticals, traditional medicine, HIV/AIDS, and malaria in Eastern Africa. Her current research project aims to contribute to the understanding of health and medical practices as they are configured by the dynamics of transnational mobility; specifically, it will examine the "South-South" circulation of traditional medical practices, substances, and procedures between India and Tanzania. Caroline is the author of Globale Epidemien – Lokale Antworten. Eine Ethnographie der Heilpflanze Artemisia annua in Tansania (Campus Verlag, 2013).
Laurent Pordié is an anthropologist and a pharmacologist, Senior Researcher with the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) at the Cermes3, a unit focused on medicine, science and society, and a member of the Center for South Asian Studies at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, both in Paris. A specialist in the study of (traditional) science and medicine in Asia, Laurent joined GLOBHEALTH to take in charge the axis "Traditional Herbal Therapeutic Preparations: Globalizing Alternative Industrial Products". His works include the books Tibetan Medicine in the Contemporary World (Routledge, 2008 - winner of the ICAS Book Prize 2009) and Les nouveaux guérisseurs (Editions de l’EHESS, 2013 - with E. Simon), as well as the recent special issues 'Asian Therapeutic Knowledge and Globalization' (Revue d'Anthropologie des Connaissances, 2011), 'Transnational Health in Asia' (European Journal of Transnational Studies, 2013), 'Learning Institutions in South Asian Medicine' (Culture, Medicine & Psychiatry, 2014), 'The Herbal Pharmaceutical Industry in India (Asian Medicine, 2014 - with J.-P. Gaudillière), 'Drugs' Stories and Itineraries' (Anthropology & Medicine, 2015 - with A. Hardon) and 'Diversions of Biomedical technologies in a Globalized World (Medical Anthropology, 2016 - with C. Beaudevin).
Lucile Ruaultn(PhD, Political Sociology) is an ERC-funded Postdoctoral Fellow with GLOBHEALTH at the CERMES3. Her research interests sit at the intersection of the sociology of health, the history of medicine, gender studies and the sociology of social movements. She examined the underpinnings of reproductive bodies’ contemporary regulation, through a doctoral work which deals with the conditions of both medicalization and feminist appropriation of care and abortive practice in the 1970s and 1980s. Her research within the GLOBHEALTH project focuses on the history of medical genetics and its inclusion among the devices of the "global" health government. In order to analyze the inscription of genetics on the agenda of the WHO, it investigates the various WHO Genetics Committees and the circulations of knowledge, personnel, tools and concepts that grounded this expertise. It is also concerned with the construction and the future of local and national genetic programs since 1980.
Arielle Smith is an ERC-funded postdoctoral fellow with GLOBHEALTH at Cermes3 (commencing 2015) and traveling faculty for International Honors Program/ SIT. She was awarded a doctorate by the University of Oxford in 2011, on the basis of two years of fieldwork on the political economy of health in Singapore, with particular emphasis on the practice, use, regulation and promotion of Chinese medicine. She is currently revising her dissertation for publication (Berghahn Books, 2015) and researching the transnational and post-national production and negotiation of Chinese materia medica vis-à-vis global health discourses.
Vegard Traavik Sture (MSc in Medical Anthropology and Sociology, University of Amsterdam) is an ERC funded PhD candidate in Cermes3, Paris. Coming from a background in social anthropology and clinical nursing, his research interests revolve around the standardizations of knowledge and practice within the development industry of health-care. Vegard’s doctoral project concerns the WHO-led endorsement and subsequent roll-out of a specific tool for Tuberculosis diagnostics, the Xpert MTB/RIF. His project addresses the question of how the Xpert-technology came to be a significant part of the WHO’s standardized recommendations regarding diagnostics in Tuberculosis endemic parts of the world in 2010, along with providing an ethnographic account of what occurs in a local Tanzanian health-care setting when the technology is/has been implemented.
Simeng Wang holds a PhD in Sociology from the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. She is a research fellow at The French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and faculty member at the CERMES3 (Centre for Research in Medicine, Science, Health, Mental Health and Society). During her Ph. D, she has worked on use of mental health care among Chinese migrants and their children in Parisian region. She is the author of several articles dedicated to Chinese immigration in France (available online: https://cnrs-gif.academia.edu/SimengWang). In the frame of GLOBHEALTH, she examines the transnational circulations of Chinese medical knowledge and Chinese medicine’s practices in the French society, in connection with Chinese immigration in France since 1976.
Tine Hanrieder (Dr. rer. pol., University of Bremen) is a senior researcher at the WZB Berlin Social Science Center, working at the intersection of international politics and medical sociology. She is currently establishing a junior research group entitled "Medical Internationalisms and the Making of Global Public Health (Dr.GLOBAL)”, funded with a Freigeist Fellowship by the Volkswagen Foundation. The project explores medical knowledge transfers between the US, France, Cuba and Haiti. At GLOBHEALTH, Tine studies the transformation of US and French global health education. Tine has published articles on global health policy and international theory, and the monograph International Organization in Time: Fragmentation and Reform (Oxford University Press, 2015), a study of the reform history of the World Health Organization WHO.
Mathieu Quet holds a PhD in Communication Sciences from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. He is a permanent research scientist with the Institute of Research for Development (IRD) at the Centre Populations et Développement (CEPED) in Paris. His current research focuses on the public issue of falsified medicines in developing and emerging countries and on the global politics of securitization of pharmaceutical markets. His work as an affiliate member to GLOBHEALTH examines the standardization of traditional medicines in India and Kenya. Mathieu is the author of Politiques du savoir. Sciences, technologies et participation dans les années 1968 (Editions des Archives Contemporaines, 2013).
Jeremy A. Greene (MD, PhD) is the Elizabeth Treide and A. McGehee Harvey Chair in the History of Medicine at The John Hopkins University.
Visiting period : June 2015
Kaushik Sunder Rajan (PhD, MIT 2002) is Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Chicago.
Visiting period: November 2015